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Msg # 515 Kill/Sent Date: 10 May 94 08:31:14 From: Marty Leipzig To: All Subj: The Geological Time Scale, Part 1. ____________________________________________________________________________ What with all this "Young Earth" nonsense floating about, I proudly present the Geological TIme Scale. 浜様様様様冤様様様様様様様様冤様様様様様用様様様様様様様様様冤様様様 | SUB-ERA | | | | PERIOD | | | ERA | SUB-PERIOD | EPOCH | STAGE (Event) | AGE | | | | (Ma) 麺様様様様慷様様様様様様様様慷様様様様様謡様様様様様様様様様慷様様様 | | | | | | Holocene | Recent Interstade| | Q |------------+------------------ 0.01 | u | ----- | | a | P | Valderan Advance | | t | l | Twocreekan Interstade| | e | e | Woodfordian Advance | | r | i | Farmdalian Interstade| | n | s | Altonian Advance | | a | t |Wisconsinian Glacial: | | r | o |Sangamonian Interglacial| | y | c |Illinoisan Glacial | | | e |Yarmouthian Interglacial| | | n |Kansan Glacial | | | e |Aftonian Interglacial | | | |Nebraskan Glacial | | | |----- | | | | Calabrian: | |----------------+------------+------------------ 1.60 C | | | L.| Piacenzian | | | N | Pliocene |------------------ 3.40 | | | E.| Zanclean | E | | e |------------+------------------ 5.2 | | | | | | | o | | Messinian | N | | | |------------------ 6.7 | | g | L.| Tortonian | | | | |------------------ 10.4 O | | e | | Serravallian | | | | Miocene | | | T | n | M.|------------------ 14.2 Z | | | | Langhian | | e | e | |------------------ 16.3 | | | | Burdigalian | O | r | | E.| | | | | |------------------ 21.5 | t | | | Aquitanian | I | |---+------------+------------------ 23.3 | i | | | | | | | L.| Chattian | C | a | | Oligocene |------------------ 29.3 | | P | E.| Rupleian | | r | | | | | | a |------------+------------------ 35.4 | y | | L.| Priabonian | | | l | |------------------ 38.6 | | | Eocene | Bartonian | | | e | |------------------ 42.1 | | | M.| Lutetian | | | o | |------------------ 50.0 | | | E.| Ypresian | | | g |------------+----------------- 56.5 | | | | | | | | e | L.| S |Thanetian | | | | | e | | | | n | | d |-------------- 60.5 | | | | l | | | | e | | a | | | | | M.| n |Un-named | | | | | d | | | | | Paleocene | i | | | | | | a | | | | | | n | | | | | |----------------- 63.4 | | | E.| Danian | ---------+----------------+----------+------------------ 65.0 | | G | |S | | | | | |e | Maastrichtian | M | C | u | L |n | | | | | |o |------------------ 74.0 | r | l | a |n | Campanian | | | | |i |------------------ 83.0 | e | f | t |a | Santonian | E | | | |n |------------------ 86.6 | t | i | e | | Coniacian | | | | |--+------------------ 88.5 | a | a | | | Turonion | | | | | |------------------ 90.4 S | c | n | |G | Cenomanian | | |--------a |------------------ 97.0 | e | E |l | Albian | | | |l |------------------ 112.0 | o | a |i | Aptian | O | | -|c |------------------ 124.5 | u | r|N|| | Barremian | | | |e|--+------------------ 131.8 | s | l|o | Hauterivian | | | |c | | Z | | y|o |------------------ 135.0 | | |m | Valanginian | | | |i | | | | |a |------------------ 140.7 | | |n | Berriasian | O |-----------------+----------+------------------ 145.6 | | | | Tithonian | | |M | |------------------ 152.1 | J |a |Late | Kimmeridgian | | |l | | | I | u |m | |------------------ 154.7 | | | | Oxfordian | | r |--+---------+------------------ 157.1 | |D | | Callovian | | a |o | |------------------ 161.3 C | |g | | Bathonian | | s |g |Middle |------------------ 166.1 | |e | | Bajocian | | s |r | |------------------ 173.5 | | | | Aalenian | | i |--+---------+------------------ 178.0 | | | | Toarcian | | c | | |------------------ 187.0 | |L | | Pleinsbachian | | |i | | | | |a |Early |------------------ 194.5 | |s | | Sinemurian | | | | |------------------ 203.5 | | | | Hettangian | |-----------------+--+---------+------------------ 206.0 | | | | Rhaetian | | |T | |------------------ 209.5 | T |r | | Norian | | r |3 | Late |------------------ 223.4 | i | | | Carnian | | a |--+---------+------------------ 235.0 | s |T | | Ladinian | | s |r | Middle |------------------ 239.5 | i |2 | | Anisian | | c |--+---------+------------------ 241.1 | |T |(Early) | Spathian | | |r | |------------------ 241.9 | |1 |Scythian | Nammalian | | | | |------------------ 243.4 | | | | Griesbachian | 麺様様様様慷様様様様様様様様慷溶様様様様謡様様様様様様様様様 245.0 | | | Changxingian | | P | |------------------ 247.5 | | | Longtanian | | e | |------------------ 250.0 | | | Capitanian | P | r | |------------------ 252.5 | | | Wordian | | m | (Late) |------------------ 255.0 | | Zechstein | Ufimian - | | i | | Tatarian | | |------------+------------------ 256.1 | a | | Kungurian | A | | (Early) |------------------ 259.7 | n |Rotliegendes| Artinskian | | | |------------------ 268.8 | | | Sakmarian | | | |------------------ 281.5 | | | Asselian | L |---------------疎-----------+------------------ 290.0 | |P | | | Noginskian | | C | |Gzelian | |------------------ 293.6 | |e | | | Klazminskian | | a | |---------- |------------------ 295.1 E | |n | |Stephanian | Dorogomilovskian | | r | | | |------------------ 298.3 | |n |Kasimovian| | Charnovnicheskian| | b | | | |------------------ 299.9 | |s | | | Krevyakinskian | O | o | |----------+-----------+------------------ 303.0 | |y | | W | Myachkovskain | | n | | | e |------------------ 305.0 | |l | | s | Podolskian | Z | i | |Moscovian | t |------------------ 307.1 | |v | | p | Kashirskian | | f | | | h |------------------ 309.2 | |a | | a | Vereiskian | | e | |---------- l |------------------ 311.3 O | |n | | i | Melekesskian | | r | | | a |------------------ 313.4 | |i | | n | Cheremshanskian | | o | |Bashkinian|-----------+------------------ 318.3 I | |a | | | Yeadonian | | u | | | |------------------ 320.6 | |n | | N | Marsdenian | | s | | | a |------------------ 321.5 C | | | | m | Kinderscoutian | | |--+---------- u |------------------ 322.8 | | | | r | Alportian | | | | | i |------------------ 325.6 | | |Serpuk- | a | Chokienan | | |M |hovian | n |------------------ 326.3 | |i | | | Arnsbergian | | |s | | |------------------ 331.1 | |s | | | Pendleian | | |i |---------------------+------------------ 332.9 | |s | | Brigantian | | |s | |------------------ 336.0 | |i | | Asbian | | |p | |------------------ 339.4 | |p | Visean | Holkenan | | |i | |------------------ 342.8 | |a | | Arundian | | |n | |------------------ 345.0 | | | | Chadian | | | |----------------------+------------------ 349.5 | | | | Ivonan | | | | Tourmaisian |------------------ 353.6 | | | | Hastanan | |---------------------------+------------------ 362.5 | | | Fammenian | | D | Late |------------------ 367.0 | e | | Frasnian | | v |------------+------------------ 377.0 | o | | Givetian | | n | Middle |------------------ 380.8 | i | | Eifelian | | a |------------+------------------ 386.0 | n | | Emsian | | | |------------------ 390.4 | | Early | Siegenian | | | |------------------ 396.3 | | | Lochkovian | |-----------------+------------+------------------ 406.8 | | | | | S | Pridolian | | | |------------+------------------ 410.7 | i | | Ludfordian | | | Ludlowian |------------------ 415.1 | l | | Gorstian | | |------------+------------------ 424.0 | u | | Gleedonian | | | |------------------ 425.4 | r | Wenlockian | Whitwellian | | | |------------------ 426.1 | i | | Sheinwoodian | | |------------+------------------ 430.4 | a | | Telychian | | | |------------------ 432.6 | n |Llandoverian| Aeronian | | | |------------------ 436.9 | | | Rhuddanian | |----------------+------------+------------------ 439.0 | O | | | Hirnantian | | | | |------------------ 439.5 | r | | | Rawtheyan | | | | Ashgillian |------------------ 440.1 | d | | | Cautleyan | | | | |------------------ 440.6 | o | B | | Pusgillian | | | |------------+------------------ 443.1 | v | a | | Onnian | | | | C |------------------ 444.0 | i | l | a | Actonian | | | | r |------------------ 444.5 | c | a | a | Marshbrookian | | | | d |------------------ 447.1 | i | | o | Longvillian | | | | c |------------------ 449.7 | a | | i | Soudleyan | | | | a |------------------ 457.5 | n | | n | Hamagian | | | | |------------------ 462.3 | | | | Costonian | | |-----+------------+------------------ 463.9 | | D | | Late | | | | |------------------ 465.4 | | y |Llandeiloian| Middle | | | | |------------------ 467.0 | | f | | Early | | | |------------+------------------ 468.6 | | e | | Late | | | |Llanvirnian |------------------ 472.7 | | d | | Early | | |-----+------------+------------------ 476.1 | |Cana-|Arenigian | | | |dian |------------+------------------ 493.0 | | |Tremadocian | | ---------+----------------+------------+------------------ 510.0 | | | Dolgellian | | |Merionethian|------------------ 514.1 | C | (Croixan) | Maentwrogian | | a |------------+------------------ 517.2 | m | | Menevian | | b |St. David's |------------------ 530.2 | r |(Albertan) | Solviann | | i |------------+------------------ 536.0 | a | | Belskian | | n | |------------------ 554 | | Caerfain | Usolian | | |(Wacobian) |------------------ 560 | | | Tegenian | 麺様様様様慷様様冤様冤様様様慷様様様様様謡様様様様様様様様様 570 EON | AGE |ERA| PERIOD| Ediacara | Poundian | ---------+-----+---+------- |------------------ 580 | | S | | | Wonokian | | | i | |------------+------------------ 590 | | n |Vendian| | Mortensnes | P Pt1 | | i | | Varanger |------------------ 600 r | | a | | | Smalfjord | o | | n |------------------------------------- 610 t | | |Sturtian | e | |----------------------------------------- 800 r --+-1000| | Karatauian | o | | |-------------------------------1050 z Pt2 | | Riphean | Yurmatinian | o | | |-------------------------------1350 i --+-1600| | Buryzanian | c | |------------------------------------------1650 Pt3 | | Animikean | | |-------------------------------------------2200 | | Huronian | ---------+-2500|-------------------------------------------2500 | | Randian | | |-------------------------------------------2800 | | Swazian | | |-------------------------------------------3500 Archean | | Isuan | | |-----------------------------------------3600 | | | | Early Imbrian | | | | |-------------------------------3650 | | | | Nectanian | | | |Hadean |-------------------------------3950 | | | | Basin Groups 1-9 | ---------+-4000| | |-------------------------------4150 Priscoan | | | | Cryptic |4560 藩様様様様詫様様詫様詫様様様詫様様様様様様様様様様様様様様様詫様様様 * Origin: A Little Corner in Time BBS (1:106/113.0)

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